Federal law, the Federal Acquisition Regulation, and Presidential Executive Orders direct that all federal agencies purchase biobased products in categories identified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). To date, USDA has identified 97 categories (e.g. cleaners, carpet, lubricants, paints) of biobased products for which agencies and their contractors have mandatory purchasing requirements. As USDA identifies product categories for mandatory federal purchasing, minimum biobased content is established for the category.
Biobased product purchasing requirements are included in solicitations, blanket purchase agreements, contracts, and specifications. Requirements also extend to purchases made through purchase cards, electronic catalogs, and other procurement vehicles.
Mandatory federal purchasing requirements for biobased products were established in the 2002 Farm Bill and expanded in the 2008 and 2014 Farm Bills. Executive Order 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade, includes provisions that increase federal agency accountability for meeting BioPreferred requirements. Biobased purchasing requirements are detailed throughout the Federal Acquisition Regulation including acquisition planning, mandatory purchasing by purchase card, source selection, mandatory contract clauses, and general policy and provisions. For further information see Policies and Laws.